International Journal of Applied Science and Technology

ISSN 2221-0997 (Print), 2221-1004 (Online) 10.30845/ijast

Fat Oxidation Differences in Deconditioned Normal Weight and Obese Individuals on a Lower Body Positive Pressure Treadmill
Toni T. LaSala, Jordan L. Cola, Michael A. Figueroa, Racine R. Emmons, David Hack

Purpose: To determine the differences in peak fat oxidation (PFO), peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) and respiratory exchange ratio (RER) while walking at 100% and 75% on a lower body positive pressure treadmill (LBPP) in normal weight compared to obese men. Methods: Fourteen normal weight men (mean age 23.2 ± 2.4 years, BMI 27.5 ± 3.8 kg/m2 and body fat % 14.22 ± 7.0%) and fourteen obese men (mean age 23.2 ± 2.4 years, BMI 36.5 ± 3.8 kg/m2 and body fat % 38.6 ± 7.0%) were randomly assigned to walking on the LBPP treadmill at 100% and 75% of their body weight. Body composition was assessed by hydrostatic weighing. The protocol consisted of 3-minute stages at a constant speed of 3.3 mph where percent grade increased three minutes following the warm up from 3% to a maximum of 15%. PFO, RER and VO2peak were measured using indirect calorimetry. Fat oxidation rates were calculated using stoichiometric equations. Results: There were no significant differences in VO2peak, however according to Wilks’s statistic, there was a significant effect on fat oxidation in the normal weight group compared to the overweight group, λ = .70, F(2,25) = 5.36, p < .05 in the 100% BW condition. There was also a significant effect on RER in the normal weight group compared to the overweight group, using Wilks’s statistic, λ = .74, F(2,25) = 4.54, p < 0 .05 in the 100% condition. Conclusion: The study suggests that100% of one’s body weight increased carbohydrate use in the OW/OB population and can be due to the fact that their weight causes them to work anaerobically compared to the normal weight population. Therefore, the OW/OB population should work at a lower intensity to increase fat oxidation so they can become more fit, and the untrained NW subjects could exercise at higher intensities with similar results.

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