International Journal of Applied Science and Technology

ISSN 2221-0997 (Print), 2221-1004 (Online) 10.30845/ijast

Antimicrobial Properties and Nutritional Composition of Aspilia africana C.D. Adams

The antimicrobial and nutritive studies of Aspilia africana have been studied. The plant has a moisture content of 70%. Crude protein content is 3.31% measured at dry wet. The crude lipid of the plant was 0.37. The crude fibre content of the plant was 7.1% and crude carbohydrate content 78.15. The plant also contained quantities of tannin, oxalate, phytate, hydrocyanin as 4.57, 9.41, and 1.36% respectively. The presence of many elements is indicated in the plant with very low concentrations of copper, cobalt, zinc, phosphorus, lead. The plant is also rich in alkaloid, hydrolysable tannins, saponins, cardiac glycosides as phytochemical components. The methanol, ethanol and the chloroform extracts shows more zones of inhibition to the microorganisms than the aqueous and soxhlet extracts. The plant is used by herbivores mainly as food and it had been used locally for treating ear infections.

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