International Journal of Applied Science and Technology

ISSN 2221-0997 (Print), 2221-1004 (Online) 10.30845/ijast

Space Weather Effects on Humans in Tabuk City, KSA
Lalitha T. Alexander, Naifa Suliman Al Atawi, Hala Mohamed Abo Mostafa

Solar activity, geomagnetic activity and cosmic ray activity are the major effects of space weather. These constituents affect our daily life navigation as well as human health in space and in earth. The Sun is the source of heat and light that maintains Earth’s habitable environment, and serves as the ultimate source of energy for life itself. It is also the origin of visible and invisible influence that affects the Earth, Earth’s space environment, and poses a health and safety threat to humans and all kinds of human activities. This work which being conducted in Tabuk city in kingdom of Saudi Arabia (geomagnetic latitude 280 22' 35'' N, longitude 360 36' 25''E) is from March to September2015. We studied the relation between emergency hospital admissions and space weather indices like Kp, FI, CME and SPE. To evaluate the risks and events during the period of our study we used the hospital admission data from KING KHALID hospital Tabuk, KSA. The effect of geomagnetic storm on hospital admissions before and after storm development was investigated by the help of geomagnetic indices. Geomagnetic storm impact up to 5 days before and 5 days after sharp geomagnetic changes was investigated. The number of admissions found to be increased in the days following the storm. The statistical method of the analysis established a statistical significance of the influence of geomagnetic activity levels in hospital admissions.'

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